Here are some papers that give readers a first look at what Fetal Alcohol is all about... and where to begin.
First of all, what do all the different terms mean? Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is an umbrella term, describing a continuum of permanent birth defects caused by maternal consumption of alcohol during pregnancy.
These defects may include physical, mental, behavioral, and/or learning disabilities.
It is a "spectrum" because some people are severely affected, while others only mildly. Some show more of the reasoning and behavioral problems and less of the physical features. Many will have learning disabilities, and IQs ranging from above average to below average. Each person will have his or her special needs, problems and potential.
FASD is not a clinical diagnosis. Under its umbrella, you have fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and fetal alcohol effects (FAE) - the only two diagnoses given by doctors.
To give you an idea of the prevalence of FASD in our society, it is estimated that one in every 750 babies born each year has FAS. The rates for children born with FAE may be many times higher.
Additional papers can be found by clicking on the navigation link to your left, "Papers".
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